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Revision as of 00:04, 4 March 2021 by K Siegmund (talk | contribs) (VNC Server)
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Description Content
module load vis/tigervnc
Availability bwUniCluster_2.0 | BwForCluster_JUSTUS_2
License GPL
Citing n/a
Links Homepage
Graphical Interface No

1 Description

TigerVNC is a high-performance implementation of Virtual Network Computing (VNC). VNC is a client/server application that allows users to launch and interact with graphical applications on remote machines. It is usually faster than standard X11 forwarding and thus should be used if a graphical software feels slow and has bad responsiveness.

2 Availability

TigerVNC is available on selected bwHPC-Clusters. A complete list of versions currently installed on the bwHPC-Clusters can be obtained from the Cluster Information System (CIS).

3 Overview

You will need to do the following steps to use VNC on the cluster:

  • start a vnc server on the cluster - This will create a virtual desktop on that node
  • make an ssh tunnel to allow outside access for yourself to the server
  • use a vnc client on your home desktop to connect to the virtual desktop
  • kill the vnc server after you finshed

4 VNC Server

First, you have to start the VNC Server on the cluster. The startup procedure depends on the cluster and hardware you are using.

The VNC server will open a virtual display with a display number. It will e.g. be called ":01"

5 Create a Tunnel

  • VNC port: The connection port is on 59XX. A display :01 will have port 5901, a display :02 will have port 5902 etc.

The script run_vncserver gives you instructions on how to create the tunnel. It will fill in the correct user name and port for your case.

5.1 Linux/Unix Commandline

ssh -fCL port:localhost:port user@justus2-login03.rz.uni-ulm.de

-f: sends the ssh into the background

-C: compress all data

-L local_port:host:hostport: "local" port forwarding. The port on the remote machine can be accessed on the machine from where you run ssh

If you have to go via more than one linux machine, you can chain several of these ssh tunnels.

5.2 Putty on Windows

Connection -> SSH -> Tunnels

Source Port: 59XX

Destination: justus2-login03.rz.uni-ulm.de:59XX

5.3 TurboVNC (Java Client)

This client (and only the Java version of the client!) allows to configure ssh tunneling as part of opening the VNC connection under Options->Security

6 VNC Client

The startup script of the VNC Server should have printed out detailed instructions about how to establish a connection to the VNC Server from your local computer. These instructions depend on the operating system (e.g., Linux/macOS, MS Windows) you are using and if you work with TurboVNC Java Viewer which is a tool that can simplify the handling but needs the Java Development Kit (JDK) to run. Therefore, the next steps are divided into three cases. The commands should be executed on the local computer.

  • Login using TurboVNC Java Viewer
    Needed software: TurboVNC, JDK
    Open the TurboVNC Java Viewer and navigate to Options... -> Security -> Gateway to fill in the parameters provided by the run_vncserver script. You can save these settings in the "Global" tab if you want to. Subsequently, click "OK" and connect to the cluster by supplying the VNC Server as given to you by run_vncserver. Before the connection is established, you should be prompted for your SSH and VNC password, respectively.
  • TigerVNCLinux Debian-based sudo apt install tigervnc-viewer fill in information supplied by run_vncserver, e.g. xtigervncviewer :3
  • Login using TightVNC Java Viewer
    Needed software: TightVNC
    Start the TightVNC Viewer: On Linux, open a terminal and execute the following command: $ java -jar tightvnc-jviewer.jar. On Windows, just double-click tightvnc-jviewer.jar in the Windows Explorer.
    Fill in the parameters given to you by the run_vncserver script (see example below), add your username at SSH User, and press connect to establish a VNC session.
  • Login without TurboVNC Java Viewer for Linux users
    Needed software: A VNC Client such as TurboVNC
    A SSH tunnel must be created with the command given to you by the run_vncserver script, e.g.: $ ssh -fCL 5903:localhost:5903 <UserID>@justus2-vis01.rz.uni-ulm.de
    Start your VNC Client and connect to localhost:n, where n is the display number, using the command given to you by the run_vncserver script. E.g.: $ vncviewer localhost:3
  • Login without TurboVNC Java Viewer for Windows users
    Needed software: TigerVNC, Putty
    Start Putty and navigate to Connection -> SSH -> Tunnels to fill in the parameters provided by the run_vncserver script. Subsequently, clicked "Add" and navigate to Session to connect with the cluster using your username and password. Once the connection is established, start the TigerVNC Client and connect to localhost:n, where n is the display number provided by run_vncserver.

7 Shutdown your VNC session

To exit your VNC session it is not sufficient to only close the VNC viewer, since this will not terminate the VNC Server. The VNC Server will keep running and you will run into problems when you try to start a new VNC session later on. Please use the "log out" function of the desktop environment inside the VNC session, this will terminate the VNC server properly. Alternatively, you can terminate the VNC Server on the compute cluster using

$ vncserver -kill :n

with n specifying the display number.

8 OpenGL applications within VNC sessions

Executing an OpenGL program during a 3D accelerated VNC session will issue an error. In order to fix this, open a terminal window and run your application through the VirtualGL wrapper using the vglrun command like in the following example for the benchmark application glxgears:

$ vglrun glxgears -info