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NAMD (NAnoscale Molecular Dynamics) is a parallel molecular dynamics code designed for high-performance simulation of large biomolecular systems.
NAMD is available on selected bwHPC-Clusters. A complete list of versions currently installed on the bwHPC-Clusters can be obtained from https://www.bwhpc.de/software.html In order to check which versions of NAMD are installed on the compute cluster, run the following command:
$ module avail chem/namd
4.1 Loading the module
You can load the default version of NAMD with the following command:
$ module load chem/namd
The module will try to load all modules (i.e., compiler, MPI, MKL) it needs to function. If loading the module fails, check if you have already loaded one of those modules, but not in the version required by NAMD.
If you wish to load another (older) version of NAMD, you can do so using
$ module load chem/namd/<version>
with <version> specifying the desired version.
Please cite NAMD in your publications according to the references.
4.2 Program Binaries
The binary namd2 is main program of the NAMD package.
Usage: namd2 [options] [config file] Example: namd2 +isomalloc_sync run.namd
For information about how to construct NAMD configuration files, please see the documentation. In addition to a configuration file, NAMD also needs a CHARMM force field in either CHARMM or X-PLOR format, an X-PLOR format PSF file describing the molecular structure, and the initial coordinates of the molecular system in the form of a PDB file.
The NAMD package includes several additional tools:
- flipbinpdb -- flips byte-ordering of 8-byte doubles
- flipdcd -- flips byte-ordering of DCD files
- psfgen -- VMD psfgen plugin
- sortreplicas -- un-shuffles replica trajectories to place same-temperature frames in the same file
Charm++ is a parallel object-oriented programming paradigm based on C++ and developed in the Parallel Programming Laboratory at the University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign. NAMD has been implemented using Charm++.
- charmrun -- launches Charm++ programs
For help on usage, type
$ charmrun -help
4.2.2 GPU Acceleration
Currently not available.
4.3 Hints for using NAMD
4.3.1 Parallel Execution
It is usually more efficient to run several smaller jobs with reasonable speedup side by side. Check for a reasonable speedup by increasing the number of workers from 1, 2, 4, n cores. Do not forget to adjust the memory specification when changing the number of workers
4.3.2 Memory Management
It requires some experience to choose the perfect memory value. Monitoring a job interactively may help to estimate the memory consumption. Requesting 1GB more than the required amount is typically sufficient.
4.3.3 Runtime Specification
The wall-time limit is independent of the number of parallel workers. Selecting the best value requires some experience. In general, jobs with shorter wall times get higher priorities. It could help to run the job interactively for a small period of time to monitor its convergence. Furthermore, it may be advantageous to extrapolate the run time by looking at smaller test jobs.
As with all processes that require more than a few minutes to run, non-trivial compute jobs must be submitted to the cluster queuing system.
Example scripts are available in the directory:
$ module show chem/namd # show environment variables, which will be available after 'module load' $ module load chem/namd # load module $ ls $NAMD_EXA_DIR # show content of directory $NAMD_EXA_DIR $ cat $NAMD_EXA_DIR/README # show examples README
Run a first simple example job on JUSTUS 2:
$ module load chem/namd # load module $ WORKSPACE=`ws_allocate namd 3` # allocate workspace $ cd $WORKSPACE # change to workspace $ cp -a $NAMD_HOME/bwhpc-examples . # copy example files to workspace $ cd bwhpc-examples/apoa1 # change to test directory $ sbatch bwhpc_namd_apoa1.sh # submit job $ squeue # obtain JOBID $ scontrol show job <JOBID> # check state of job $ ls # when job finishes the results will be visible in this directory
- Documentation (english)
- Maling list (english)
- Wikipedia article (english)
- Wikipedia article (german)